Volume 8, Issue 2, December 2020, Page: 62-71
Cellular Interactions, Metabolism, Assessment and Control of Aflatoxins: An Update
Syeda Mona Hassan, Department of Chemistry, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan
Shahzad Sharif Mughal, Department of Chemistry, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan
Syed Khurram Hassan, Institute of Quality and Technology Management, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
Asif Ibrahim, Department of Mathematics, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan
Huma Hassan, Department of Chemical Engineering, NFC Institute of Engineering and Fertilizer Research, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Nageena Shabbir, Department of Chemistry, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan
Sumaira Perveiz, Department of Chemistry, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan
Ali Raza Ayub, Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Saqib Shafiq, Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Received: Jun. 22, 2020;       Accepted: Nov. 2, 2020;       Published: Nov. 19, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.cbb.20200802.15      View  8      Downloads  5
Abstract
Aspergillus spp., the fungus containing aflatoxin, is commonly spread in nature and contains severely polluted food sources from humans and wildlife, resulting in risks to health and even mortality of species. In plants, such as maize and peanuts, the spores of Aspergillus paraciticus and Aspergillus flavus can grow on the surface of stigma. The germ tube goes into the developing embryo and mimics pollen germ tubes. Aflatoxins are naturally occurring substances, so it is difficult to remove them completely from products. However, they should be lessened to minimum possible level. There is also a strong need for research into aflatoxins to establish effective methods for their correct identification , quantification and monitoring to ensure public health safety. The chemistry and biosynthesis process of aflatoxins is addressed in a succinct fashion along with their occurrence and the toxic health threats to humans and livestock. This analysis focuses primarily on aflatoxin tools, development, identification and control techniques to ensure food and feed safety. The study is very useful to health-conscious customers and academic authorities in the related fields. In addition , the availability of information on toxicity of aflatoxins would help ensure food safety and solve potential problems for the rising population by reducing the occurrence of outbreaks related to aflatoxins.
Keywords
Aflatoxins, Aspergillus Sp., Secondary Metabolites, Food Contamination, Detoxification
To cite this article
Syeda Mona Hassan, Shahzad Sharif Mughal, Syed Khurram Hassan, Asif Ibrahim, Huma Hassan, Nageena Shabbir, Sumaira Perveiz, Ali Raza Ayub, Saqib Shafiq, Cellular Interactions, Metabolism, Assessment and Control of Aflatoxins: An Update, Computational Biology and Bioinformatics. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2020, pp. 62-71. doi: 10.11648/j.cbb.20200802.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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